Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Republic of Turkey Founder

Mustafa Kemal Atatã ¼rk, Republic of Turkey Founder Mustafa Kemal Atatã ¼rk (May 19, 1881â€November 10, 1938) was a Turkish patriot and military pioneer who established the Republic of Turkey in 1923. Atatã ¼rk filled in as the countrys first president from 1923 to 1938. He administered the section of various changes that were liable for changing Turkey into a cutting edge country state. Quick Facts: Mustafa Kemal Atatã ¼rk Known For: Atatã ¼rk was a Turkish patriot who established the Republic of Turkey.Also Known As: Mustafa Kemal PashaBorn: May 19, 1881 in Salonica, Ottoman EmpireParents: Ali Rä ±za Efendi and Zubeyde HanimDied: November 10, 1938 in Istanbul, TurkeySpouse: Latife Usakligilâ (m. 1923â€1925)Children: 13 Early Life Mustafa Kemal Atatã ¼rk was conceived on May 19, 1881, in Salonica, at that point some portion of the Ottoman Empire (presently Thessaloniki, Greece). His dad Ali Riza Efendi may have been ethnically Albanian, however a few sources express that his family was comprised of travelers from the Konya locale of Turkey. Ali Riza Efendi was a minor neighborhood official and a wood vender. Mustafas mother Zubeyde Hanim was a blue-peered toward Turkish or conceivably Macedonian lady who (surprisingly for that time) could peruse and compose. Zubeyde Hanim needed her child to consider religion, however Mustafa would grow up with a progressively common turn of psyche. The couple had six youngsters, however just Mustafa and his sister Makbule Atadan made due to adulthood. Strict and Military Education As a little fellow, Mustafa hesitantly went to a strict school. His dad later permitted him to move to the Semsi Efendi School, a mainstream tuition based school. When Mustafa was 7, his dad kicked the bucket. At 12 years old, Mustafa chose, without talking with his mom, that he would take the selection test for a military secondary school. He at that point went to the Monastir Military High School and in 1899 took a crack at the Ottoman Military Academy. In January 1905, Mustafa graduated and started his vocation in the military. Military Career Following quite a while of military preparing, Atatã ¼rk entered the Ottoman Army as a chief. He served in the Fifth Army in Damascus until 1907. He at that point moved to Manastir, presently known as Bitola, in the Republic of Macedonia. In 1910, he battled to stifle the Albanian uprising in Kosovo. His rising notoriety as a military man removed the next year, during the Italo-Turkish War of 1911 to 1912. The Italo-Turkish War emerged from a 1902 understanding among Italy and France over separating Ottoman terrains in North Africa. The Ottoman Empire was referred to around then as the wiped out man of Europe, so other European forces were concluding how to share the riches of its breakdown some time before the occasion really occurred. France guaranteed Italy control of Libya, at that point involved three Ottoman regions, as an end-result of non-impedance in Morocco. Italy propelled a gigantic 150,000-man armed force against Ottoman Libya in September 1911. Atatã ¼rk was one of the Ottoman leaders sent to repulse this attack with just 8,000 customary soldiers, in addition to 20,000 neighborhood Arab and Bedouin local army individuals. He was vital to the December 1911 Ottoman triumph in the Battle of Tobruk, in which 200 Turkish and Arab warriors held off 2,000 Italians and drove them over from theâ city of Tobruk. In spite of this valiant obstruction, Italy overpowered the Ottomans. In the Octoberâ 1912 Treaty of Ouchy, the Ottoman Empire transferred ownership of control of the regions of Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica, which became Italian Libya. Balkan Wars As Ottoman control of the realm dissolved, ethnic patriotism spread among the different people groups of the Balkan area. In 1912 and 1913, ethnic clash broke out twice in the First and Second Balkan Wars. In 1912, the Balkan League (comprised of the recently free Montenegro, Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia) assaulted the Ottoman Empire so as to wrest away control of zones overwhelmed by their separate ethnic gatherings that were still under Ottoman suzerainty. Through suzerainty, a country keeps up interior self-rule while another country or area controls international strategy and worldwide relations. The Ottomans, including Atatã ¼rks troops, lost the First Balkan War. The next year during the Second Balkan War, the Ottomans recaptured a great part of the region of Thrace that had been seized by Bulgaria. This battling at the frayed edges of the Ottoman Empire was taken care of by ethnic patriotism. In 1914, a related ethnic and regional disagreement among Serbia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire set off a chain response that before long included the entirety of the European powers in what might become World War I. World War I and Gallipoli World War I was a vital period in Atatã ¼rks life. The Ottoman Empire joined its partners (Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire) to shape the Central Powers, battling against Britain, France, Russia, and Italy. Atatã ¼rk anticipated that the Allied Powers would assault the Ottoman Empire at Gallipoli; he instructed the nineteenth Division of the Fifth Army there. Under Atatã ¼rks authority, the Turks held off a British and French endeavor to progress up the Gallipoli Peninsula, dispensing a key destruction on the Allies. England and France sent in an aggregate of 568,000 men through the span of the Gallipoli Campaign, including enormous quantities of Australians and New Zealanders. Of these, 44,000 were murdered and just about 100,000 were injured. The Ottoman power was littler, numbering around 315,500 men, of whom around 86,700 were executed and more than 164,000 were injured. The Turks clutched the high ground at Gallipoli, keeping the Allied powers stuck to the sea shores. This bleeding however effective guarded activity shaped one of the focal points of Turkish patriotism in the years to come, and Atatã ¼rk was at the focal point, all things considered, Following the Allied withdrawal from Gallipoli in January 1916, Atatã ¼rk took on fruitful conflicts against the Russian Imperial Army in the Caucasus. In March 1917, he got order of the whole Second Army, despite the fact that their Russian adversaries pulled back very quickly because of the episode of the Russian Revolution. The ruler was resolved to support the Ottoman safeguards in Arabiaâ and persuaded Atatã ¼rk to go to Palestine after the British caught Jerusalem in December 1917. He kept in touch with the legislature, noticing that the circumstance in Palestine was sad, and suggested that another guarded position be set up in Syria. At the point when Constantinople dismissed this arrangement, Atatã ¼rk surrendered his post and came back to the capital. As the Central Powers rout lingered, Atatã ¼rk returned again to the Arabian Peninsula to oversee a precise retreat. The Ottoman powers lost the Battle of Megiddo in September 1918. This was the start of the finish of the Ottoman world. All through October and early November, under a truce with the Allied Powers, Atatã ¼rk sorted out the withdrawal of the staying Ottoman powers in the Middle East. He came back to Constantinople on November 13, 1918, to think that its involved by the triumphant British and French. The Ottoman Empire was no more. Turkish War of Independence Atatã ¼rk was entrusted with rearranging the worn out Ottoman Army in April 1919â so that it could give inward security during the progress. Rather, he started to sort out the military into a patriot obstruction development. He gave the Amasya Circular in June of that year, notice that Turkeys autonomy was in danger. Mustafa Kemal was very right on that point. The Treaty of Sevres, marked in August 1920, required the segment of Turkey among France, Britain, Greece, Armenia, the Kurds, and a global power at the Bosporus Strait. Just a little state revolved around Ankara would stay in Turkish hands. This arrangement was totally unsuitable to Atatã ¼rk and his kindred Turkish patriots. Indeed, it implied war. England started to lead the pack in dissolving Turkeys parliament and solid outfitting the ruler into transferring ownership of his residual rights. Accordingly, Atatã ¼rk called another national political decision and had a different parliament introduced, with himself as the speaker. This was known as the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. At the point when the Allied occupation powers attempted to segment Turkey according to the Treaty of Sevres, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) set up a military and propelled the War of Turkish Independence. All through 1921, the GNA armed force under Atatã ¼rk enlisted a great many triumphs against the neighboring forces. By the accompanying harvest time, Turkish patriot troops had pushed the possessing powers out of the Turkish landmass. Republic of Turkey On July 24, 1923, the GNA and the European forces marked the Treaty of Lausanne, perceiving a completely sovereign Republic of Turkey. As the primary chosen leader of the new Republic, Atatã ¼rk would lead one of the universes swiftest and best modernization battles ever. Atatã ¼rk abrogated the workplace of the Muslim Caliphate, which had repercussions for the entirety of Islam. Be that as it may, no new caliph was delegated somewhere else. Atatã ¼rk additionally secularized instruction, empowering the improvement of non-strict grade schools for the two young ladies and young men. In 1926, in the most extreme change to date, Atatã ¼rk abrogated the Islamic courts and established mainstream common law all through Turkey. Ladies currently had equivalent rights to acquire property and separation their spouses. The president considered ladies to be a fundamental piece of the workforce if Turkey somehow managed to turn into an affluent current country. At last, Atatã ¼rk substituted the customary Arabic content for composed Turkish with another letters in order dependent on Latin. Demise Mustafa Kemal got known as Atatã ¼rk, which means granddad or progenitor of the Turks, as a result of his vital job in establishing and driving the new, autonomous territory of Turkey. Atatã ¼rk passed on

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Longitudinal Relations Wean Parental Media â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Talk About The Longitudinal Relations Wean Parental Media? Answer: Introducation Media checking is the procedure of cautiously perusing, tuning in and perception of the media substance and the media diaries. This incorporates the sharp perception of the papers, diaries, magazines, web substance and a lot more all things considered. Mechanical headways over the most recent few years because of globalization has had an extraordinary effect on our lives. It has helped us to change our way of life absolutely (Gentile et al. 2014). It is hypothetically just as basically demonstrated that devices which are the most significant creations of the most recent decade have been the fundamental driver behind such an exceptional change. TV was one of the most significant disclosure of the only remaining century which greatly affected our lives. The information that individuals gained from the books were presently obvious in TV. After this came the phones which upset the manner in which individuals speak with one another. At long last the PDAs a portable specialized gadget came into the market in the mid 90s. Anyway the greatest effect that changed our life was the development of online life devices like facebook, twitter and numerous other such web stages were various individuals from around the globe have a free access and can converse with one another unreservedly. Cell phone are the most recent type of PDAs which has taken the versatile market by a tempest. Its fame is a direct result of its performing various tasks exercises (Bekkers, Edwards de Kool, 2013). An individual working the advanced cell can play out a huge scope of various assignments like person to person communication, web perusing, web based shopping, web talking, online installments, web banking, games and a lot more all things considered. Cell phone additionally have an ideal GPS framework that serves to handily follow and find maps of better places. My present Smartphone is the principal telephone that I have purchased in the year 2016. It is a Motorola gadget that has a decent notoriety in the market. Aside from the previously mentioned utilizes my Smartphone additionally has voice acknowledgment includes that help me to impart and play out the entirety of my undertakings effectively and proficiently (Ruggiero Vos, 2014). I was at first hesitant about purchasing a Smartphone however after I got it I am very much aware of the various uses that it has been giving me. I spend the greater part of my time on my Smartphone as it devours over 80% of my media and web use. I have given a figure in this report to show my multi day utilization of the Smartphone. The figure will feature the various substance of the media that I get to every day. Such various sorts of media use incorporate my web based life use, news content perusing and numerous different types of web locales which I get to. I ordinarily go through around 3 hours in getting to the substance of my Facebook and Twitter Accounts. The online networking applications positively affect my development as in light of the fact that it encourages me to keep in contact with all my family companions, family members and old companions all the time. There are numerous individuals who are my precious ones however they remain at removed spots that isn't anything but difficult to visit. Facebook causes me to abbreviate the separation of correspondence as in light of the fact that I can without much of a stretch get in touch with them with only a single tick. As I am an alumni I have additionally made various records in various occupation entrances to get a thought of the various sorts of employments and apply for them without any problem. This procedure has helped me to get various diverse meeting calls from an immense scope of organizations that are in scan for topping off various opportunities. Such an open door encourages me to create myself as an individual and causes me to accomplish my own objectives. I follow various things in internet based life. Football has been my leisure activity from my youth days along these lines my online life look depend chiefly on football around the globe. I appreciate perusing various articles on the wonderful game and as such posts remark on every one of them. My auxiliary searchers incorporate summed up news and numerous other such various things. Aside from the previously mentioned assignments my other media related exercises incorporates distinctive online media channels, sports related news channels, you tube recordings including live football matches, live talk shows, films and other perusing exercises. You tube causes me to get to the features of various games matches which are broadcasted late around evening time. Goal.com is one of my preferred sites and I surf it routinely either toward the start of my riding period or at the completion. As referenced before I additionally get to various sorts of famous news stations both in the web just as on TV. Such news causes me to keep an update about the most recent happenings in and around the globe. Papers have likewise filled in as a significant media instrument that has helped me to be refreshed about the various kinds of news both nearby just as universal. My TV programs again incorporates football matches, diverse games and some chose local just as universal films. I favor viewing science fiction motion pictures and activity films the most. Dim sentimental spine chillers are likewise one of my top choices. Aside from this shows I make it a point to watch National Geographic and Animal planet at any rate once in seven days to increase a tremendous information on various logical progressions and the secret of the collective of animals. Aside from the positive effects that media have helped me to achieve there are various negative effects of utilizing media substance. The dangers of utilizing web as a media source are a lot higher than the positive effects. Presentation of the private and secret data is one of the fundamental dangers of utilizing the web. Banking exchanges are viewed as one of the most dangerous exchanges that occur through the web. There are frequently situations where online cheats have been accounted for. There are a lot progressively such troubles related with the utilization of web. This incorporates sharing individual photographs that can be transformed by different people, spreading malware and infections through the spam sends and different sources (Bazarova, 2016). As of late there was a tremendous upheaval of web infection where the programmers hacked all the significant government locales, authoritative destinations and requested payment sum from the specialists to expel the infection fro m the framework. Digital tormenting structures another fundamental danger of the web as individuals may think that its uncomfortable to deal with such issues. Various types of rough and dishonest promotions in TV have made an issue for the watchers (Loukis, Charalabidis Androutsopoulou, 2017). In the wake of estimating my day by day normal media use I discovered that I devote the vast majority of my opportunity to Smartphone. All my various uses are met by utilizing Smartphone. The mechanical headways has made Smartphone a necessary piece of my life. In the coming days logical changes will make various devices more easy to use and will continuously lessen human work. In this way I have been effective in getting a thought regarding media use and its effect on me. References Bazarova, N. N. (2016). Sharing Our Lives Online: Risks and Exposure in Social Media. Bekkers, V., Edwards, A., de Kool, D. (2013). Online life checking: Responsive administration in the shadow of surveillance?.Government Information Quarterly,30(4), 335-342. Field, J., Chelliah, J. (2013). Bosses need to get to grasps with internet based life dangers: two key arrangements required to cover all the bases.Human Resource Management International Digest,21(7), 25-26. Gentile, D. A., Reimer, R. A., Nathanson, A. I., Walsh, D. An., Eisenmann, J. C. (2014). Defensive impacts of parental checking of childrens media use: a planned study.JAMA pediatrics,168(5), 479-484. Loukis, E., Charalabidis, Y., Androutsopoulou, A. (2017). Advancing open development in the open part through web-based social networking monitoring.Government Information Quarterly,34(1), 99-109. Padilla-Walker, L. M., Coyne, S. M., Collier, K. M. (2016). Longitudinal relations between parental media checking and immature hostility, prosocial conduct, and externalizing problems.Journal of adolescence,46, 86-97. Petrovic, R., Tehranchi, B., Jemili, K., Winograd, J. M., Angelico, D. A. (2014).U.S. Patent No. 8,806,517. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Ruggiero, A., Vos, M. (2014). Web based life observing for emergency correspondence: Process, strategies and patterns in the logical literature.Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies,4(1), 105. Zhang, B., Vos, M. (2014). Online life observing: points, strategies, and difficulties for universal companies.Corporate Communications: An International Journal,19(4), 371-383.

Sunday, August 9, 2020

Science Out Loud!

Science Out Loud! I think Ive accidentally begun a quest to be involved with ALL THE (VIDEO) THINGS on campus, from MITx to TAing the ESG educational video course to becoming a Educational Media/Multimedia Fellow for the MIT+K12 Videos Program. That last one might sound a little familiar to the blogosphere. The MIT+K12 Videos Program is managed (and executive produced) by blogger alum Elizabeth C. 13. She created the web series Science Out Loud to tap into the knowledge/expertise/enthusiasm of MIT students and make STEM topics more accessible and exciting to a K-12 audience. And Science Out Loud is how fellow blogger Anastassia B. 16 made her awesome video about plant metabolomes. So, as a MIT+K12 Videos Fellow, Ive been working on various projects involving educational/digital media literacy, outreach, and production. We also have a blog, where Ill be writing about my experiences as a Fellow. Like I said, doing ALL THE (VIDEO) THINGS. Have I posted this before? I think Ive posted this before. 1) Teaching During IAP, I was a teaching assistant for the very first time. Elizabeth taught a course called 20.219: Becoming the Next Bill Nye, which fellow blogger Yuliya K. 18 took by crazy random happenstance. (Three generations of bloggers in one room?! Crazypants.) Over the course of three weeks, a group of seven students (from MIT undergrads to grad students to Sloan fellows to Singapore University of Technology and Design undergrads) learned basic scripting, hosting, and video production skills. Along the way, they developed some digital media literacy â€" what I would argue is the biggest takeaway from this class, because more digital media literacy means better video content being produced â€" and created a final video project in the style of a Science Out Loud episode. It was a class that I loved helping out with and would have LOVED to take if I was unfamiliar with online video. Elizabeth and I share a lot of the same values when it comes to educational video production, and she structured the course so that students could think critically and discuss about what makes a good video (because best practices dont really exist yet) BEFORE they jump headfirst into making their own. I think that a lot of people underestimate the amount of work that goes into video production â€" any MIT student can sit in front of a camera and talk about science! â€" so it was really great to see students push themselves and each other (through peer critiques) to make the best project iterations possible. Some major takeaways from the class? In writing, you must kill your darlings â€" a Faulkner quote that was basically our mantra during the ideation period, scriptwriting, editing, etc. If youre going to tell a compelling story, you have to revise and revise and revise and cant become too attached to any one idea. Which is easier said than done. Listen to Ira Glass â€" He talks about the gap between having good taste and being able to produce creative work that you think is good. Its frustrating, especially when you know you can identify what you like or dont like about a video but cant quite emulate that in your own projects. But you cant keep improving without making things and actively trying to get better. I made a class Tumblr where people made daily blog posts, in case youre curious about the types of assignments they did or what the final projects looked like. You can even read my daily reflection posts, if you want, or track any other students progress throughout the class. 2) Writing Hosting Ive always been more comfortable behind the camera than in front of it, which is part of why my vlogging experiment for the Admissions Blogs is so helpful. (Lets ignore the fact that Ive been the opposite of Batman recently and havent vlogged in a while. Community, anyone?) So when Elizabeth asked if I wanted to be part of Science Out Loud Season 3, I hesitated mightily. But she convinced me to give it a shot because most everyone has reservations about hosting. While everyone in 20.219 was working on their videos, I was also researching and writing a video script that evolved (after several iterations and a lot of feedback from part of the Science Out Loud team aka. Elizabeth and George) into a script on regeneration â€" why some lizards can regrow limbs, why humans cant regrow arms, and why scientists are currently studying human livers because the liver is  the  only organ that can regrow large amounts of cells in vivo and still form functional tissue. We filmed my video over the course of two days. Day 1 involved an 8:30am call time in Building 68 (not the Koch, but the bio departments home base), a road trip to a Jabberwock reptiles (I geeked out so hard over all the lizards and snakes and amphibians and very nearly wanted to adopt a gecko and take her home), a trip back to the B-Entry lounge in MacGregor to film with some cow livers, and recording voiceover of all my lines in a conference room inside the Office of Digital Learning. For me, it was probably an 11 or 12 hour day, but my only real responsibility was memorizing and delivering lines. Not to mention the fact that Elizabeth and George and Adam (our cameraman and lighting expert) stayed a little longer to unload and charge equipment and go over the plan for shooting the next day. Blue-tongued skink! Day 2 was a lot shorter for me (even though it was just as long for the rest of the crew, because they were working with another student). We had contacted my previous UROP mentor/20.109 lab instructor, Shannon, to see if we could film in the tissue culture room of the Course 20 teaching lab so we wouldnt be in anyones way and no long-term experiments were going on (as opposed to every other lab in campus, which have busy grad students working). So I got to dust off all of my rusty tissue culture skills, since I hadnt worked in a lab for about a year at that point, and deliver a couple final lines for my video. My only real responsibility as a host was memorizing and delivering lines. I say only, but that has a connotation that acting is easy â€" acting is very, very tiring and hard but also kind of fun if you push past your reservations. But Im so curious about video production and this was my first time on anything like a real set, so I tried to learn as much as possible while we were filming my video. I badgered the crew with a couple questions and offered to set up lights or wrap cables and learn what different pieces of equipment did. Which is, I think, how I ended up talking to Elizabeth about helping out with some other shoots as a production assistant.   The amazing and derpy Season 3 team. (Im not sure they know I have these pictures but I was in the group text sooo) 3) Being a Production Assistant [FYI this bit is shamelessly reposted, with a couple tweaks, from the MIT+K12 Fellows Tumblr. Still my writing; Im just happy with how it sounds.] On the morning after filming my video, I wandered through the slushy streets of Cambridge in search of jawbreakers. 1 hour and 4 stores later (La Verdes, Shaws, CVS, and Walgreens), I was carrying a bag full of multi-colored off-brand ‘jaw-busters,’ a box of Gobstoppers, and a novelty-size rainbow lollipop. Apparently jawbreakers, while iconic, are hard to sell so nobody keeps them in stock. So why, exactly, was I on an epic quest for a specialized candy product? The  Science Out Loud  crew was filming a video on bone remodeling (think: what happens to your teeth when you get braces) with Andrea, one of the students from 20.219, and needed jawbreakers as a prop. And, as a temporary production assistant, these are the kinds of errands that fell under my job. A production assistant (PA) as Wikipedia defines it, is “a member of the film crew and is a job title used in filmmaking and television for a person responsible for various aspects of a production.” Basically, that means a PA is there to help out with whatever the most urgent needs of the production are. I did everything from: Buying lunch for the talent and crew Picking up a welding mask Acting as a temporary camera holder Taping jackets over windows (lighting quick fixes) Taking pictures of the locations before we moved stuff Moving stuff Setting up lights Adjusting lights Tracking down tripods Sneaking pictures of the shoot (see below) Wrapping cables Unwrapping cables Executing a super-dramatic lighting cue (translation: pushing a button) Writing down notes about the various takes Meeting a pizza guy and bringing food upstairs The last two were probably the most important. (All jokes aside, writing notes on the different takes is incredibly useful for post-production, especially for the editor, and was genuinely one of my most important jobs that day.) While it may not sound like the most glamorous job, I had an absolute blast. It kind of reminded me of being a stage manager, where your role is pretty much to make things run as smooth as possible, minus the yelling at actors bit. And it was a totally different experience from being in front of the camera. When I was hosting, my main job was to memorize lines and keep up my enthusiasm and drink tons of water to make sure my voice didnt die (my voice likes to die because I rarely talk for long periods of time… presentations are a struggle). But when I was a PA, I could ask all the questions I wanted about the lighting setup and camera setup and  why clothespins are called C47s. Most of the time, though, I felt silly asking (or didn’t know what to ask) and just observed what George (the director) and Adam (camera/lights) were doing or helped out wherever I could. Even though I was only on set for 6ish hours, I learned SO many practical things that you can’t quite grasp without being on a film (online video?) set â€" even though I’m sure I could read plenty of lighting theory about tips to creating an artificial mid-afternoon, there’s nothing comparable to watching/helping a lighting designer adjust color temperatures and beam widths until the shot looks  just  right.       Like, this is how the magic happens. These are the same basic principles that go into filming your favorite TV show or the next blockbuster movie, only on a much smaller scale. These are the things that I want to learn, but MIT will never offer a class on (except kind of in the theater department, but even their classes are more design-oriented than practical/get-your-hands-dirty sometimes) because that’s not what this Institute’s about. Sigh. (This is one of those times where I really think I should’ve gone to a liberal arts or film or art school instead.) Self-reflection aside, being a production assistant for  Science Out Loud  was one of the coolest experiences I’ve had in relation to MIT. Hopefully they’ll need me again in March during reshoots (even though that probably means the shoot is complicated or something is very logistically stressful). And I guess this ties into what I want to accomplish this semester with the Fellowship (which, in turn, ties into what I want to accomplish in life possibly-maybe-who knows). I want to make cool things and do more cool things, whether those things involve writing blog posts or making videos or being on a film set or thinking critically about educational videos and digital media literacy. I think I’m tired of taking classes where I can’t actually apply the material or don’t feel motivated/inspired to pursue it further. It’s kind of making me stir-crazy. But I really enjoy what MIT+K12 Videos is doing, I really enjoy Science Out Loud, I really enjoy  advocating for good content creation and the importance of digital media. So I think this should be a great couple of months.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

What Is a Testable Hypothesis

A hypothesis is a tentative answer to a scientific question. A testable hypothesis is a  hypothesis that can be proved or disproved as a result of testing, data collection, or experience. Only testable hypotheses can be used to conceive and perform an experiment using the scientific method. Requirements for a Testable Hypothesis In order to be considered testable, two criteria must be met: It must be possible to prove that the hypothesis is true.It must be possible to prove that the hypothesis is false.It must be possible to reproduce the results of the hypothesis. Examples of a Testable Hypothesis All the following hypotheses are testable. Its important, however, to note that while its possible to say that the hypothesis is correct, much more research would be required to answer the question why is this hypothesis correct?   Students who attend class have higher grades than students who skip class.  This is testable because it is possible to compare the grades of students who do and do not skip class and then analyze the resulting data. Another person could conduct the same research and come up with the same results.People exposed to high levels of ultraviolet light have a higher incidence of cancer than the norm.  This is testable because it is possible to find a group of people who have been exposed to high levels of ultraviolet light and compare their cancer rates to the average.If you put people  in a dark room, then they will be unable to tell when an infrared light turns on.  This hypothesis is testable because it is possible to put a group of people into a dark room, turn on an infrared light, and ask the people in the room whether or not an infrared light has been turned on. Examples of a Hypothesis Not Written in a Testable Form It doesnt matter whether or not you skip class.  This hypothesis cant be tested because it doesnt make any actual claim regarding the outcome of skipping class. It doesnt matter doesnt have any specific meaning, so it cant be tested.Ultraviolet light could cause  cancer.  The word could makes a hypothesis extremely difficult to test because it is very vague. There could, for example, be UFOs watching us at every moment, even though its impossible to prove that they are there!Goldfish make better pets than guinea pigs.  This is not a hypothesis; its a matter of opinion. There is no agreed-upon definition of what a better pet is, so while it is possible to argue the point, there is no way to prove it. How to Propose a Testable Hypothesis Now that you know what a testable hypothesis is, here are tips for proposing one. Try to write the hypothesis as an if-then statement. If you take an action, then a certain outcome is expected.Identify the independent and dependent variable in the hypothesis. The independent variable is what you are controlling or changing. You measure the effect this has on the dependent variable.Write the hypothesis in such a way that you can prove or disprove it. For example, a person has skin cancer, you cant prove they got it from being out in the sun. However, you can demonstrate a relationship between exposure to ultraviolet light and increased risk of skin cancer.Make sure you are proposing a hypothesis you can test with reproducible results.  If your face breaks out, you cant prove the breakout was caused by the french fries you had for dinner last night. However, you can measure whether or not eating french fries is associated with breaking out. Its a matter of gathering enough data to be able to reproduce results and draw a conclusion.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Sample Presentation on Success in Life

Public speaking is a difficult task for anyone regardless of ones personality traits. Both extroverts and introverts experience difficulties when giving public presentations because simply being confident is not enough to deliver a good presentation. A successful presentation is one that captures the interest of an audience and delivering one involves preparing a written sample and practicing its delivery. Here is a sample presentation on success in life. It is important to note that success has different meanings for each of us. A professional athlete might define success as winning a medal in the Olympics while simply qualifying for the Olympics would be viewed as success to other athletes. Irrespective of your definition of what it means to be successful, there is a general mind set and approach you must imbibe to achieve it. It consists of, first of all, thinking positively: are you an optimist or a pessimist? Whichever your answer is, it is important that one understands the power of the mind and how it affects the way we approach tasks. Mastering the act of positivity gives everyone a head start in life regardless of the challenges you might face working to achieve your goals. You must also be willing to work diligently: in a professional setting, diligence means the ability to work hard and go the extra mile to get your job done. Irrespective of work policies, a diligent worker will always be noticed which could lead to rapid promotions and ultimately a successful career in life. Setting attainable goals is an important skill for success as well. Breaking down your goals into set categories is one way to stay focused while striving to achieve your aims. To do this, simply divide bulky projects into smaller components and set timeframes for completing each component. Once this is done, you must avoid procrastination when trying to execute the required task. With time, working to achieve set goals by effectively managing your time will become a part of you. To be successful you have to achieve a good work-life balance: while wealth and financial success increases an individuals quality of life, a good upbringing and family life elevates the society we live in. Therefore, it is imperative for all who make up the working class to also pay attention to their personal health, happiness and family. Employers are also saddled with the responsibility of ensuring that their workers are provided with enough time to participate in family activities. You also need to learn to communicate properly. We interact by talking, and developing good interpersonal skills is important for achieving success both in the professional and domestic front. Successful professionals learn to communicate their ideas perfectly through speaking, in writing or by presenting information using PowerPoint. At home, speaking with your close ones and understanding your familys needs will make communication among family members delightful. Lastly, striving to do your best in every situation you find yourself ensures that you are on the pathway to success in both your professional and domestic life. References Christina, D. (2015). 7 Scientifically Proven Ways to Achieve Better Success in Life. Available at: http://www.inc.com/christina-desmarais/7-scientifically-proven-ways-to-achieve-better-success-in-life.html Larry, S. (2015). 20 Essential Life Lessons for Happiness and Success. Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/laurashin/2014/08/18/20-essential-life-lessons-for-happiness-and-success/#557c24378682 Kara, H. (2014). How To Be Successful In Life: 13 Tips From The World’s Most Successful People. Available at: http://www.lifehack.org/articles/lifestyle/how-to-be-successful-in-life.html Gayle, S. (2014). 10 Characteristics Successful Business Owners Share. Available at: http://www.businessknowhow.com/growth/bizlife.html Meiko, P. (2014). 21 Ways to Achieve Wealth and Success. Available at: https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/238630 Napoleon, H. (1937). Think and Grow Rich, 8-9. Carnegie, D. (2011). How To Win Friends and Influence People, 143.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Secondary Data Free Essays

string(150) " by customer location product Q\) What is a computerized Data Base\? COMPUTERIZED DATA BASE A database is simply a collection of related information\." Q) What are Secondary Data? Secondary Data Secondary data is information gathered for purposes other than the completion of a research project. Data previously collected by someone else, possibly for some other purpose that can be used later for making decisions if found suitable for the purpose, other than the original one. Secondary data can be acquired from the internal records of the organization, their departments, subsidiaries or sister organizations and also from external sources, such as chambers of commerce, government, professional and commercial consultants subject to the availability of data . We will write a custom essay sample on Secondary Data or any similar topic only for you Order Now e. g. , data in books, journals, newspapers, magazines, etc. †¢ e. g. , data in reports, surveys, etc A variety of secondary information sources is available to the researcher gathering data on an industry, potential product applications and the market place. Secondary data is also used to gain initial insight into the research problem. Secondary data is classified in terms of its source – either internal or external. Internal, or in-house data, is secondary information acquired within the organization where research is being carried out. External secondary data is obtained from outside sources. The secondary information will provide a useful background and will identify key questions and issues that will need to be addressed by the primary research. BENEFITS †¢ Low cost †¢ Less effort †¢ Less time †¢ At times, more accurate †¢ At times, only way to obtain data LIMITATION †¢ Collected for some other purpose †¢ No control over data collection †¢ May not be accurate †¢ May not be in correct form †¢ May be outdated †¢ May not meet data requirements †¢ Assumptions have to be made Q) What are the major problems encountered with Secondary Data? It is necessary that the secondary data are taken from a source which obtained from the original source, and then a secondary source is being used. It is important to avoid the use of secondary sources by using only the original sources for a Secondary Data. The other problems may include: †¢ Secondary information pertinent to the research topic is either not available, or is only available in insufficient quantities. †¢ Some secondary data may be of questionable accuracy and reliability. Even government publications and trade magazines statistics can be misleading. For example, many trade magazines survey their members to derive estimates of market size, market growth rate and purchasing patterns, then average out these results. Often these statistics are merely average opinions based on less than 10% of their members. †¢ Data may be in a different format or units than is required by the researcher. †¢ The methodology used by the party for collecting the secondary data is not explained and the accuracy level may not be verified. Much secondary data is several years old and may not reflect the current market conditions. Trade journals and other publications often accept articles six months before appear in print. The research may have been done months or even years earlier. Q) What are the major sources of Internal Data? Internal Data Internal secondary data is usually an inexpensive information source for the company conducting research, and is the place to start for existing operations. Internally generated sales and pricing data can be used as a research source. The use of this data is to define the competitive position of the firm, an evaluation of a marketing strategy the firm has used in the past, or gaining a better understanding of the company’s best customers. The main sources of internal data may include: 1. Sales and marketing reports. These can include such things as: †¢ Type of product/service purchased †¢ Type of end-user/industry segment †¢ Method of payment †¢ Product or product line †¢ Sales territory †¢ Salesperson †¢ Date of purchase †¢ Amount of purchase †¢ Price †¢ Application by product †¢ Location of end-user 2. Accounting and financial records. These are often an overlooked source of internal secondary information and can be invaluable in the identification, clarification and prediction of certain problems. Accounting records can be used to evaluate the success of various marketing strategies such as revenues from a direct marketing campaign. There are several problems in using accounting and financial data. One is the timeliness factor – it is often several months before accounting statements are available. Another is the structure of the records themselves. Most firms do not adequately setup their accounts to provide the types of answers to research questions that they need. For example, the account systems should capture project/product costs in order to identify the company’s most profitable (and least profitable) activities. Companies should also consider establishing performance indicators based on financial data. These can be industry standards or unique ones designed to measure key performance factors that will enable the firm to monitor its performance over a period of time and compare it to its competitors. Some example may be sales per employee, sales per square foot, expenses per employee (salesperson, etc. ). 3. Miscellaneous reports. These can include such things as inventory reports, service calls, number (qualifications and compensation) of staff, production and RD reports. Also the company’s business plan and customer calls (complaints) log can be useful sources of information. COMMON SOURCES OF INTERNAL SECONDARY DATA Information originating within the company 1. Sales invoices a. Customer name b. Address c. Class of product/service sold d. Price by unit e. Salesperson f. Term of sales g. Shipment point 2. Accounts receivable reports a. Customer name b. Product purchased c. Total unit and dollar sales d. Customer as percentage of sales . Customer as percentage of regional sales f. Profit margin g. Credit rating h. Items returned i. Reason for return 3. Quarterly sales report a. Total dollar and unit sales by: Customer Geographic segment Customer segment Sales territory Product Sales report Product segment b. Total sales against planned objective c. Total sales against budget d. Total sales against prio r periods e. Actual sales percentage increase/decrease f. Contribution trends 4. Sales activity reports a. Classification of customer account i. e. Mega, Large, Medium and Small b. Available dollar sales potential c. Current sales penetration d. Existing bids/contracts by customer location product Q) What is a computerized Data Base? COMPUTERIZED DATA BASE A database is simply a collection of related information. You read "Secondary Data" in category "Essay examples" More specifically a computerized database is a computerized record keeping system. More completely, it is a system involving data, the hardware that physically stores that data, the software that utilizes the hardware’s file system in order to 1) store the data and 2) provide a standardized method for retrieving or changing the data, and finally, the users who turn the data into information. For many companies, a computerized database containing information about customers and prospects has become an essential marketing tool. Creating an internal marketing secondary database built upon sales results and customer preferences can be a powerful marketing tool. Databases dealing with published information usually found in libraries, such as books, articles and other types of documents, are commonly called bibliographic databases. Computerized databases published secondary data, the Internet, and internal databases are important parts of an organization’s information system. Intelligent decision making is always predicated on having good information. †¢ When a person uses an automated teller machine to withdraw money from the bank account, he/she is using a computerized database. †¢ When a travel agent makes an airline reservation for the customers, he/she is using a computerized database. †¢ When a telephone operator gives the customer a phone number, he/she is using a computerized database. Any significant collections of information stored on computers are virtually always organized as databases and are known as computerized data base. Computerized Database On-line vendors – purchase (rent) databases from a number of suppliers and sell to the subscribers (e. g. services provided by America Online, DIALOG). ON-LINE DATABASES Provide http: easy and direct access to public information through a computer. There are about 7,000 databases on a variety of topics that one can use. Q) Describe a specialized online data base of marketing manager? An online database which can be used by a marketing manager for Substantial Cost Savings, for Increasing the understanding of the Decision Environment, Upgrading the Decision-Making Effectiveness, Improving the Information Value. This may include: †¢ Internet – World-wide telecommunications network that allows computers to access data, files, pictures and sound throughout the world. †¢ World Wide Web – Component of the Internet designed to make transmission of text and images very easy. †¢ Uniform Reference Locator (URL) – Internet address that identifies a specific location. – A typical Web address looks like the following: http://www. microsoft. com †¢ Search Engines – Internet search directories to aid in locating topics of interest and URLs. – An example is Yahoo at http://www. yahoo. com On-line Databases Consist of: Internet, Direct from Vendors, Direct from Producer, Indirect through Networks Organizations Must Create a Database Management System. Managers must be trained on How to Retrieve Information and How to Manipulate the Data Using Database Management Software. A marketing manager can use a specialized data base to fulfill his/her tasks effectively and efficiently through: †¢ Internet †¢ Website †¢ Emails †¢ Online Subscriptions †¢ Online queries †¢ Online Feed back †¢ Newsgroups on the Internet †¢ Internet sites devoted to a specific topic where people can read and post messages. †¢ Databases on CD ROM A number of companies offer database packages on CD ROM for personal computers that is very useful for manager in decision making and other tasks. †¢ Geographic Information Systems †¢ Computer-based system that uses secondary and/or primary data to generate maps that visually display answers to research questions. †¢ Decision Sup port System – Through Online Data Base an interactive, personalized MIS, designed to be initiated and controlled by individual decision makers. – Managers use decision support systems to conduct sales analyses, forecast sales, evaluate advertising, analyze product lines, and keep tabs n market trends and competitor analysis. Creating Databases from a Web Site -A Marketing Manager’s Dream – Customer’s link to an online store is a two-way electronic link – Allows online merchant to gather information about the customer – Text file place on a user’s computer in order to identify the user when there is a return visit to the Web site. – Helping Managers in creation of a large computerized file of customers’ and potential customers’ profiles and purchase patterns. – It is the fastest-growing use of internal database technology. A manager has to build company’s online Pages on Search Engines. Working online to find out target audiences and provide them information through Internet services performing internet marketing services that are mention above. The services are designed to help the company’s website increase its. Through this Online Database a marketing Manager is able to get, Demographic Dimensions Population growth: actual and projected Population density In-migration and out-migration patterns Population trends by age, race, and ethnic background Employment Characteristics Labor force growth Unemployment levels Percentage of employment by occupation categories Employment by industry Economic Characteristics Personal income levels (per capita and median) Type of manufacturing/service firms Total housing starts Building permits issued Sales tax rates Competitive Characteristics Levels of retail and wholesale sales Number and types of competing retailers Availability of financial institutions International Market Characteristics Transportation and exporting requirements Trade barriers Business philosophies Legal system Social customs Political climate Cultural patterns Religious and moral backgrounds Common Government Documents Used as Secondary Data Sources Statistics of Income Survey of Current Business Through a specialized Online Data Base a marketing manager able to get up-to-date information. A marketing Manager able to, †¢ Evaluate sales territory. †¢ PLC †¢ Identify most profitable and least profitable customers. †¢ Identify most profitable market segments and target efforts with greater efficiency and effectiveness. †¢ Aim marketing efforts to those products, services, and segments that require the most support. †¢ Increase revenue through repackaging and re-pricing products for various market segments. Evaluate opportunities for offering new products or services. †¢ Identify products or services that are best-sellers or most profitable. †¢ Evaluate existing marketing programs. †¢ Database Technologies †¢ Database technologies continue to evolve. For example, Fingerhut, a database firm, uses a Sun Microsystems parallel co mputer, whereas American Express relies on Thinking Machines Corporation’s supercomputers. †¢ Renting Internal Databases †¢ Some companies rent their internal databases to obtain extra income, although this can lead to ethical questions. [pic] How to cite Secondary Data, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Kings lear Essay Example For Students

Kings lear Essay Humans, like all creatures on the earth, have the privilege of thefreedom of choice. There are two broad ranges of factors that affect thedecisions a person makes. The first factor that affects decision making isinternal and includes a persons character and intellect. The secondfactor is external such as environment and interaction with other people. Naturally, each decision a person makes results in a repercussion of somedegree, usually either helpful or hindering, and rarely inconsequential. The concept of justice is based on the fact that decisions are alwaysfollowed by consequences. It strictly adheres to the rewarding of gooddeeds and the punishment of evil. King Lear, a play by WilliamShakespeare, is a grave tragedy that is a prime example of the Elizabethanconception of justice. Lears kingdom turns to chaos because of a break inthe Great Chain of Being and restores to order when justice prevails. Its tragic labelling stems from the prevalence of death the just punishmentfor many of its characters. The deaths of Lear, Goneril, and Edmund areprime examples of justice prevailing for evil, and in Lears caseunnatural, acts. Lears ultimate fate is death. His early demise is a direct result ofbreaching the Great Chain of Being which states that no mortal willabandon his position in the hierarchy of ranking set by God. Learsintention of abdicating his throne is apparent from the outset and is seenin the following speech spoken during the opening scene of the play:. . . tis our fast intentTo shake all cares and business from our age,Conferring them on younger strengths while weUnburdened crawl toward death. . .1Evidently the splitting of Lears kingdom and abdication of his throneis not an act of necessity, but an act toward easing the remainder of hislife. Lears disruption of the Great Chain of Being is in an unnaturalfashion because the abdication of his kingship is without dire or mortalcause. The method of passing down his land to his heirs is also unnatural,as seen in the following excerpts:. . . Know that we have dividedIn three our kingdom. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . We have this hour a constant will to publishOur daughters several dowers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Which of you three daughters shall we say doth love us most?That we our largest bounty may extendWhere nature doth with merit challenge. . . .2Lear does not bestow his kingdom upon his eldest son, nor is he evengoing to bestow the largest portion of the divided kingdom upon his eldestson. He expresses his intent to split his kingdom and grant the pieces ashis daughters dowers, the largest piece being granted to whichever of thethree professes to love him most. This is a violation of the natural orderof commonly accepted hierarchy that states a fathers estate be endowedupon his eldest son. An error in judgement and untempered release of angerare also factors contributing to Lears downfall. Lear listens to flatteryfrom Goneril, I love you more than word can wield the/matter;3 and Regan,I find she Goneril names my very deed of love,/Only she comes too short. . .4 in their bidding to profess they love Lear the most among the threedaughters, but Cordelia does not compete with their flattery: Cor. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heaveMy heart into my mouth. I love your Majesty LearAccording to my bond filial, no more nor less.5Cordelia cannot flatter Lear with praise and states that she merelyloves him as a daughter should love her father, with respect and obedience. Lear is so heartbroken by his youngest, and until then his most beloved,daughters refusal to praise him with her love that a rage ensues: Lear. Let it be so! thy truth then be they dower!For, by the sacred radiance of the sun,The mysteries of Hecate and the night;By all the operation of the orbs starsFrom whom we do exist and cease to be;Here I disclaim all my paternal care,Propinquity and property of blood,And as a stranger to my heart and meHold thee from this for ever. . .6Lear acknowledges that Cordelia s speaking the truth. Althoughconfessions of filial love are not inappropriate or evil, Lears judgementis clouded by anger at Cordelias refusal to praise him with flattery as hehad planned and he swears by the gods that Cordelia is no longer hisdaughter and chooses not to give any portion of land as her dower. Learsdisowning of his daughter for refusing to participate in his unnaturalrites of determining which daughters receive which lands has proved thathis judgements are misguid ed. Finally, justice is fulfilled when Lear diesat the end of the play. The justice is in response to actions that hecommits which are not necessarily evil-hearted, but for the refusal toabide by the Great Chain of Being and his irrational and cruel disowningand banishment of Cordelia. Sexual Harassment and Rape EssayYou have now the good advantage of the night. Have you not spoken gainst the Duke of Cornwall?Hes coming hither; now, i the night, i the haste,And Regan with him. Have you nothing saidUpon his party gainst the Duke of Albany?Advise yourself. Edg. I am sure ont, not a word. Edm. I hear my father coming. Pardon me!In cunning I must draw my sword upon you. Draw, seem to defend yourself; now quit you well.Yield! Come before my father. Light, ho, here!Fly, brother.Torches, torches!So farewell.13Edmund asks Edgar if he has offended the Dukes of Cornwall or Albanythat would provoke Cornwall to come to Gloucesters castle with such hastein the middle of the night. Edgar pleads innocence, forcing Edmund toenhance his deception. He tells Edgar that he must draw his sword as ifdefending himself or trying to capture a wanted man. Edgar flees, and toenhance the deception in Gloucesters eyes even further Edmund stabshimself. Bringing the murderous coward Edgar to the stake;/He thatconceals him, death.14 Gloucester, arriving on the scene, is convinced ofEdgars treason. Edmund has removed Edgar from his fathers favour, butdoes not yet possess Gloucesters lands or wealth. An opportunity presentsitself which Edmund plans to take advantage of: Glou. . . .I havereceived a letter this nighttis dangerous to be spokenIhave locked the letter in my closet. T hese injuries theKing now bears will be revenged home; there is a part of apower already footed. . .15Gloucester reveals to Edmund a letter he received. It entails that asecret power, France, has landed in the realm to revenge disrespect towardLear. Edmund says: Edm. This courtesy, forbid thee, shall the DukeInstantly know, and of that letter too. Seems a fair deserving, and must draw meThat which my father losesno less than all. The younger rises when the old doth fall.16Edmund plans to tell the Duke of Albany of the letter Gloucester hasreceived and of his journey to inform Lear of the French forces coming toaid him. The information makes Gloucester look like a traitor in theDukes eyes and Edmund realizes he will be rewarded with his fathers landssince they will be stripped from him for treason. Edmunds evilheartedness and willingness to sacrifice his family for status and wealthclearly demands some sort of punishment as justice. It is only fittingthat the betrayal of his own blood, both his father and brother, isanswered by justice in his death at Edgars hands. Lear, Goneril, and Edmund were each motivated in different ways. Learswas an unnatural and irrational motivation. Greed and selfishness movedEdmund to the decisions he made. Lastly, Gonerils heart was of the basestevil and jealousy. Although the methods and paths of their downfall weredifferent, each person suffers the identical fate as decided by justice. It is debatable whether each decision we make is weighed on a cosmic scalewith justice waiting to punish the evil or reward the good, but what iscertain is that each decision we make plays a direct role in our futures.